Info / History / Briefly


In Finland, six towns were founded in the Middle Ages: Turku in the 1290s, Porvoo in the year 1347, Ulvila in the yr 1365, Viipuri in the yr 1403, Rauma in the yr 1442, and Naantali in the yr 1443. The rights and privileges of a town had been granted to Ulvila by the king of Sweden, Albert of Mecklenburg (i. e. Albrekt av Mecklenburg) on February 7th in 1365. Trade policy factors as well as the benefits for Stockholm are chiefly considered to have set the background for granting those rights and privileges in a Royal Charter. Ulvila was given monopoly over trading in the Gulf of Bothnia; simultaneously came the attempt of blocking Carelian commercial sailing from the Gulf of Bothnia to Tallinn.

Ulvila had actually been the northernmost town of the entire Swedish Empire in the Middle Ages and hence was important for the empire especially from the viewpoint of trading in the Gulf of Bothnia. It was also significant at the birth of the town of Ulvila that then it used to stand at the estuary of the Kokemäenjoki (i. e. the River of Kokemäki), which position created good trade connection also with the inland areas. In the 1500s, the King of Sweden, Gustav Vasa was willing to concentrate trading into three towns within Finland: Turku, Viipuri, and Helsinki. For this reason he ordered the citizens of Ulvila to move to Helsinki in 1550. This visit proved to remain brief, however, for the resettled citizens were allowed to move back to their native region already in 1557.

One adversity followed another, anyhow, since as the earth crust had kept elevating, the port of Ulvila became so shallow that it was not any more appropriate for serving the traffic of large ships. In the year of 1558 the Swedish Duke of Finland John gave order to relocate the town seven kilometres closer to the estuary of the river, where the citizens of Ulvila would then resettle, too. That is how Pori was created. Ulvila regained town title on January 1st in 2000. Returning it was a tribute to the long and famous history of the town as well as a highlighted recognition of the modern image of this town and of the activities by enterprises that are involved in leading-edge development.

translated from Finnish to English by Volford Péter

päivitetty 15.9.2014